Resources For Members

Research Resources

Preliminary Observations and Experiences of Physiotherapy Practice in Acute Care Setup of COVID 19: A Retrospective Observational Study.

MP Jiandani, SB Salagre, S Kazi, S Iyer… – J Assoc …, 2020 –

BACKGROUND: The rapid outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a public health
emergency of grave concern, warranted hospital admissions with almost 90,000 cases in …

Evidence-based National Consensus: Recommendations for Physiotherapy Management in COVID-19 in Acute Care Indian Setup

MP JiandaniB AgarwalG BaxiS Kale… – Indian Journal of …, 2020 –

Background With the Wuhan pandemic spread to India, more than lakhs of population were
affected with COVID-19 with varying severities. Physiotherapists participated as frontline …

Physiotherapy interventions in COVID-19 patient with multiple comorbidities: a case report

ST Kachpile, PK Lohakare, MP Jiandani… – Int J Health Sci …, 2020 –

The rapid outbreak of coronavirus disease, which arose from severe acute respiratory syndrome
coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections, has become a public health emergency. Large …

Beyond COVID-19: Evidence-based consensus statement on the role of physiotherapy in pulmonary rehabilitation in the Indian context

N SwaminathanJiandani, PJ Surendran… – J Assoc Physicians …, 2020 –

… Narasimman Swaminathan1, Mariya Jiandani2*, Praveen J Surendran3, Prasobh Jacob3,
Anjali Bhise4, Gaurang Baxi5, Poorvi Devani6, Bela Agarwal7, V Sundar Kumar8, Nicole …

Physiotherapy awareness in medical and non medical population: A social media survey

D Doshi, JiandaniR Gadgil… – Int J Physiother …, 2017 –

Background: Physiotherapy is one of the oldest branches of healthcare profession which is
concerned with holistically rehabilitating the patient. In recent years, the field has evolved …

Quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study

UL YeoleMP Jiandani, SR Kunjir… – Medical Journal of Dr. DY …, 2020 –

Background: Diabetes mellitus, a chronic noncommunicable disease, is associated with
long-term damage of multiple organ system with its long-term complications and significantly …

Evidence-based practice in Physiotherapy curricula: A survey of Indian Health Science Universities

VP Panhale, B Bellare, Jiandani – Journal of Advances in …, 2017 –

Methods: An observational study was conducted where a review of curricula of all Health
Science Universities (HSU) in India, offering an undergraduate (UG) and post-graduate (PG) …

 Immediate effect of therapeutic positioning and breathing exercises on oxygen saturation in critically ill non-intubated COVID-19 patients: A retrospective study

MP Jiandani, UB Parmar, RS Rajam… – Journal of Society of …, 2021 –

Background: COVID-19 presents with symptoms of fever, headache, dry cough, and dyspnea.
Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is the most common complication occurring in 60%–70…

Retrospective analysis of the functional capacity of patients with COVID-19 using 1-minute sit to stand test: A physiotherapist’s perspective

…, VM Wagh, RS Rajam, SL Honpode, MP Jiandani… – IJHSR, 2021 –

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 has spread at an alarming
rate worldwide. Its dominant feature is arterial hypoxemia seen due to ventilation perfusion …

Use of WhatsApp as an Online Assessment Tool During Pandemic: Experiences from a Tertiary Care Hospital

D Geete, Jiandani, S Iyer – Natl. J. Integr. Res. Med, 2020 –

Background: Higher education institutions and universities use various online learning
management systems for the process of teaching and learning. With increased use of mobiles in …

Timed up and go test: An underutilized tool in patients with chronic respiratory disease

N Kulsange, MP Jiandani – Indian Journal of Respiratory Care, 2022 –

Background: Patients admitted with chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) find it difficult to
return to their day‑to‑day activities postdischarge due to muscle dysfunction and …

To correlate ejection fraction with 6 minute walked distance and quality of life in patients with left ventricular heart failure

PS Kudtarkar, MP Jiandani, A Nabar – Bombay Hospital Journal, 2010 –

Purpose: 6 minute walk test (6MWT) is a reflection of activities of daily living [ADL]. Walking
is an activity performed daily by all but the most severely impaired patients. Patients with left …

Yoga versus Physiotherapy: Effect on Pulmonary function, Breath Holding Time & Quality of Life in Asthmatics

JP Mariya, MD Rashmi, AU Amita… – Indian Journal of …, 2013 –

To compare effect of yoga versus physiotherapy on Pulmonary function, Breath holding time
and quality of life in asthmatics. Randomized experimental study with two parallel groups …

Enhancing professionalism in physiotherapy interns using a structured teaching and assessment module

Jiandani, A Mehta – Physiotherapy-The Journal of Indian Association …, 2018 –

INTRODUCTION: Professionalism describes the skills, competency, attributes, and behavior
of an individual belonging to a profession. The physiotherapy graduate on completion of …

Physical fitness and physical activity level in school going adolescent children

S Nagrale, Jiandani, A Mehta – 2020 –

Background: Adolescence is transitional phase between childhood and adulthood
characterized by marked acceleration in growth. The objective of this study was to evaluate …

Cardiorespiratory Response to Chest Physiotherapy in Intensive Respiratory Care Unit

MP Jiandani, A Patel – International Journal of Health Sciences & Research … –

Background: Physiotherapy intervention is regarded as an important component in the
management of patient in intensive care unit. However, there are fears that chest physiotherapy …

Medical research council dyspnoea score and forced expiratory volume in one second as the predictors of vertical climbing in chronic obstructive pulmonary …

AA Bagade, MP Jiandani, A Mehta – Int J Res Med Sci, 2017 –

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a leading cause of chronic morbidity
and mortality throughout the globe. MRC and FEV1 are related with 6MWD in COPD. But …

Time To Re-Think and Rebuild: Need to Minimize the Pill and Re-Emphasize the Role of Risk Factors Modification in Life Style Disorders

R Bogam, MP Jiandani, MI Bougmiza… – National Journal of …, 2022 –

An increase of lifestyle diseases (LSDs) has been driven by predominantly four important risk
factors viz. unhealthy diet, hazardous alcohol use, tobacco use and physical inactivity. The …

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Shoulder joint dysfunction in patients with cardiac device implantation

G Yadav, MP Jiandani, A Mehta, A Nabar – Int J Health Sci, 2019 –

Background: Fear associated with dislodgement or fracture of pacemaker lead is common
following cardiac device implantation, hence immobilization of the upper extremity of the site …

Parental perception of quality of life in children following cardiac surgery

NN Pilankar, MP Jiandani, AA Mehta, DV Kulkarni – 2019 –

Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of mortality in the
pediatric population of both the developing and developed countries. Along with medical and …

Effect of Home Based Low Intensity Walking Programme on Quality of Life and Functional Capacity in Left Ventricular Failure Patients–A Randomized Control …

Jiandani, R Reddy, A Mehta… – Indian Journal of …, 2012 –

A randomized control trial wherein 50 Left ventricular failure patients were included with
ejection fraction15-40%. A home based exercise programme was designed on the basis of …

Correlation of Sleep Quality with Cognition, Exercise Capacity, and Fatigue in Patients with Chronic Respiratory Diseases

AA Deshpande, MP Jiandani, AU Athavale – Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine, 2021 –

Background: Sleep is an important component for person’s well-being. It is a basic human
need. 1 Studies have reported increased incidence of cognitive errors and increased fatigue …

Effect of home-based structured functional training on functional capacity and quality of life in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: A …

EN Patil, MP Jiandani, A Nabar – … -The Journal of Indian Association of …, 2021 –

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is associated with increased hospitalization, morbidity,
and mortality. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an important approach to improve quality of life (…

Patient perceived barriers to phase II cardiac rehabilitation in patients with and without percutaneous coronary angioplasty

A Rathi, MP Jiandani – World Journal of Advanced Research and …, 2023 –

Context: Cardiac Rehabilitation is an accepted standard of care after any cardiac event and
is considered a class ɪ indication following myocardial infarction or revascularisation …


S Bheda, MP Jiandani – Diabetes –

Diabetes is a considered to be health-threatening concomitant disease all over the globe. The
world prevalence of diabetes today are 425 million and this is expected to increase to 629 …

Physiotherapy in the Covid ward: Where compassion overcomes fear

MP Jiandani – Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, 2021 –

The narrative is an account of the personal experience of a cardiopulmonary physiotherapist
inside the Covid ICU, when the city of Mumbai was brought to a standstill. It describes the …

Pathway to discharge following COVID-19 in an obese female with multiple comorbidities: Does physiotherapy play a pivotal role?

SN Chopra, MP Jiandani, S Tiwari – … The Journal of Indian Association of …, 2021 –

From Wuhan to India, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 or COVID-19
presentations ranged from completely asymptomatic to severe respiratory failure requiring …

Myocardial load at 30% and 50% of Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contraction in healthy individuals with Active and Sedentary Lifestyle

S Singh, Jiandani – 2020 –

Background: Activities of daily living consists of isometric & isotonic contraction. Isometric
contraction is a static contraction that exerts pressure overload on the heart. Studies have been …

 Physiotherapy School & Centre, Seth GSMC & KEMH, Parel, Mumbai

MP Jiandani – Journal of Society of Indian Physiotherapists, 2021 –

This is the narration of a physiotherapist participating in the war against the corona pandemic.
It describes challenges and initiatives taken to explore the best possible therapy that could …

Awareness of Diabetes Mellitus and Glycemic control amongst patients with Type 2 Diabetes

UL YeoleMP Jiandani, HK Bakshi… – Indian Journal of …, 2020 –

Methods: A survey was carried out on 245 diabetic patients visiting Medicine OPDs at
affiliated hospitals in

Research Report _ Effects of Kinesiotaping on Pain and Pulmonary Function following Open Heart Surgery: A Randomized Control Trial

MP Jiandani, C Koradia, AA Mehta –

Background: Kinesiotaping is a therapeutic technique, used widely in sports and neuro
rehabilitation to reduce swelling and pain. It is also used to facilitate or inhibit the muscles to …

Use of ozone in healing failed pectoralis major myocutaneous advancement flap

TT PolMP Jiandani, S Gajakos… – … Journal of Research …, 2016 –

Infection of the sternotomy wound following cardiac surgery is quiet common. The PMMF (pectoralis
major myocutaneous advancement flap) procedure is commonly used to treat non …

Effectiveness of a School-Based Intervention in obese childrens

SS Nagrale¹, M Jiandani – Journal of Medical Thesis …, 2016 –

Background: Obesity is one of the most prevalent nutritional disease of children and adolescents
in many developed and developing countries [1]. The World Health Organization (WHO…

Efficacy of Structured Exercise Training Programme on Quality of Life and Six Minute Walk Distance in Patients with Chronic Respiratory Diseases

P Shah, Jiandani, A Mehta –

A prospective study wherein 30 chronic respiratory disease patients fulfilling the inclusion
criterion were enrolled and 8 weeks of outpatient structured exercise program was designed, …


TA Bharadwaj, MP Jiandani… – Romanian Journal of …, 2016 –

Introduction: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) report reduced arm
exercise capacity, increased fatigue and dyspnea when performing activities of daily living …


MSS Bheda, MMP Jiandani – International Journal of Physiotherapy, 2015 –

Background: Anxiety and depression are proven independent predictors of mortality, disability,
and reduced health related quality of life (HRQoL). Hence, this study was undertaken with …

COVID 19 and Role of Physiotherapy

MP Jiandani – The Journal of the Association of …, 2021 –

… Mariya P Jiandani …

Peak Exercise Response to Vertical Climbing in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients

BA Aviragee, JP Mariya… – …, 2017 – … ,

Incentive spirometry versus active cycle of breathing technique: Effect on chest expansion and flow rates in post abdominal surgery patients

P Wange, Jiandani, A Mehta – Int J Res Med Sci, 2016 –

Background: The patients undergoing abdominal surgery has characteristic post-operative
mechanical abnormality in respiration like restrictive pattern of ventilation. Spontaneous deep …

Correlation of Peak Cough Flow Rate with Peak Expiratory Flow Rate In Patients With Chronic Respiratory Diseases

N ShahaneMP Jiandani – Age (yrs), 2018 –

Background & Objective: Chronic cough is a most common symptom of chronic respiratory
disease. Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) is routinely used as a bed-side tool to evaluate the …

Burst TENS: An Immediate Alternative Therapy to Reduce Systolic Blood Pressure Temporarily in Hypertensives.

MP Jiandani, K Sant – Int J Sci Res Publ (IJSRP), 2018 –

Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It is paramount
that the resting blood pressure is within normal limits for safe prescription of exercise. Burst …

Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy

A Phansalkar Archana, I Saraswati –

… Capacity in Left Ventricular Failure Patients–A Randomized Control Trial Mariya Jiandani,
Rajeshwari Reddy, Amita Mehta, Ashish Nabar …

Frailty: A Multifactorial Association

NA Vinayak, JM Prakash, B Alakananda – Int J Health Sci Res, 2021 –

Background: Ageing has been attributed as an universal and inevitable process for mankind.
Frailty is commonly seen in elderly and has been associated with adverse health outcomes…


JN Suresh, JM Prakash, AA Mehta – International Journal of …, 2015 –

Background: Pain has been pointed out as one of the chief concerns of patients following a
cardiac surgery. Adjunctive methods of postoperative pain control that may limit narcotic side …

Does Shuttle Walk Test Induce a Greater Physiological Response Compared to Six Minute Walk Test in COPD Patients?

JM Prakash, AV Asher, A Mehta – Website: www. ijpot. com, 2016 –

Exercise intolerance in COPD patients has important implications on health related quality
of life. The 6-min walk test (6MWT) has been widely used and accepted as a simple, cost-…

Incremental shuttle walk test: Reference values and predictive equation for healthy Indian adults

Agarwal, M Shah, N Andhare… – Lung India: Official …, 2016 –

Purpose: Physical inactivity in Indians is leading to an increase in noncommunicable disorders
at an early age in life. Early identification and quantification of the lack of physical activity …

Effect of Yoga on Performance and Physical Fitness in Cricket Bowlers

SS Vaidya, Agarwal, Y Singh… – … Journal of Yoga …, 2021 –

Cricket-bowling performance is known to be influenced by speed of ball release and
accuracy. Currently, training sessions typically involve fielding-specific drills and conditioning …

Physical function assessment tools in the intensive care unit: a narrative review

BM Agarwal, D Aglawe… – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2022 –

Prolonged immobilization and bed rest in critically ill patients leads to loss of physical
functional ability. Therefore, assessment of physical functional ability during intensive care unit (…

Comparison of muscle activity and energy cost between various bodyweight squat positions

SS Sahasrabudhe, BM Agarwal… – … Kinesiology: Journal of …, 2017 –

Introduction: Squatting is an auto-loading activity of daily living with exclusive capacity to
enhance lower limb muscle strength and joint range of motion. However inadequate literature …

Pilot implementation of rural rehabilitation services, India

…, P WaingankarS ParabAgarwal… – Bulletin of the World …, 2022 –

To achieve universal health coverage, rehabilitation needs to be integrated as an essential
health service for people across their entire life-course. Although rehabilitation enhances …

Predictive equation for six-minute walk test in Indian children, adolescents, and adults

Agarwal, M Shah, B Sawant, H Bagwe… – Lung India: Official …, 2023 –

Background: Post-COVID residual dysfunction has been observed in a majority of people,
with reduction in cardiopulmonary endurance emerging as a primary symptom. The Six-…

Level of sports participation and performance among people with spinal cord injury

O Amberkar, BM Agarwal, Y Singh… – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2019 –

Sports participation in people with spinal cord injury leads to enhanced functional capacity,
increased muscle strength, greater flexibility, and increased optimism. It is important to …

Physical Function in Critically Ill Patients during the Duration of ICU and Hospital Admission

DR Aglawe, BM AgarwalBD Sawant – Indian Journal of Critical …, 2022 –

Background Impaired physical activity and functional ability is a significant problem in
critical illness survivors. Measurement of physical functioning through intensive care unit (ICU) …

Health-Related Quality of Life of People with Chronic Kidney Disease in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: A Literature Review

R Mullerpatan, BM Agarwal, A Joshi… – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2023 –

Complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD) impair cardiovascular health and quality of
life. Health-related QoL (HRQoL) is influenced by cultural perspectives, social environment …

Factors Influencing Health-Related Quality of Life, Return to Work, and Optimal Utilization of Cardiac Rehabilitation in Adults with Cardiac Disorders− A Literature …

P MurkudkarBM Agarwal… – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2023 –

Cardiovascular disease contributes to the largest burden of noncommunicable diseases
leading to death and disability globally. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recognized as a …

Functional outcome following lower extremity amputation: a review of contextual factors influencing function in low-to middle-income group countries

…, S Mishra, A GuptaBM Agarwal – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2019 –

Lower extremity amputation (LEA) leads to reduced mobility and walking capacity. Contextual
factors influencing activities of daily living and community participation in people with LEA …

Evidence Base for Effect of Team Sports on Physical, Psychological, and Social Function in Children with Neuromotor Impairment: Narrative Review

V KuttanT ShettyS ParabBM Agarwal… – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2023 –

Regular engagement in sports has demonstrated positive effects on physical, psychological,
and cognitive function among healthy children, adults, and adults with physical disabilities. …

A review of the physiological effects of Suryanamaskar in children

AK Kanojia, HS BagweBM Agarwal – MGM Journal of Medical …, 2022 –

Increasing physical inactivity in children necessitates the exploration of physical activities that
can confer health benefits. The purpose of this study was to review the literature regarding …

Effect of 12-week sports intervention programme on physical fitness and sports performance in individuals with spinal cord injury

AgarwalSD Parab, O Amberkar… – Indian Journal of …, 2023 –

Objectives: Inactivity in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) results in low physical fitness,
cardiopulmonary endurance and poor quality of life. Sports participation is known to …

Health-related physical fitness of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus

S Nair, BM Agarwal, J Chatla… – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2019 –

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is rapidly emerging as a potential epidemic, with more than 422
million adults living with diabetes. Over the last few decades, prevalence of DM has increased …

Preface: Early Detection and Therapeutic Intervention to Maximize Functioning in Children and Adults with Non-Communicable Diseases Associated with Disability …

R Mullerpatan, BM Agarwal – Critical Reviews™ in Physical …, 2023 –

Globally, one in three people are living with a health condition that benefits from rehabilitation
(WHO Rehabilitation Call 2030). Rehabilitation is needed across the lifespan, from …

Evaluation of daily walking activity in patients with Parkinson disease

A Pisal, BM Agarwal… – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2018 –

Parkinson disease limits walking, and little is known about the performance of walking and factors that influence the quantum of walking in active, city-dwelling patients with mild to … 

…, D Mehta, R Mullerpatan, BM Agarwal – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2020 –

Low levels of physical activity are a global health concern. Children with cerebral palsy (CP)
demonstrate lower physical-activity levels than typically developing (TD) peers. Engaging in 

Awake Repositioning/Proning Protocol: A Guide for ICU Patients and Caregivers

Agarwal, NR Jagtap, H Bagwe… – Archives of Physical …, 2023 –

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to replace the advice of a medical professional and
should not be interpreted as a clinical practice guideline. Statements or opinions expressed …

Evaluation and physiotherapy managment of diaphragm dysfunction in medical critical care unit

H BagweAgarwal, R Mullerpatan – Critical Reviews™ in Physical … –

Difficulty in weaning from ventilators is a major challenge in rehabilitation of patients in the
critical-care unit (CCU) and is associated with high mortality. Early identification of diaphragm …

Early detection and therapeutic intervention to maximize functioning in children and adults with non-communicable diseases associated with disability: challenges & …

R Mullerpatan, BM Agarwal – Critical Reviews™ in Physical and … –

… Bela Agarwal, PhD, MScPT …

Comparison of Energy Expenditure Using Three Walking Techniques in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury

…, M Bose, S Parab, BM Agarwal… – Critical Reviews™ in …, 2019 –

Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to deficits in volitional motor control resulting in increased energy
expenditure during walking and ultimately causing limited ambulation. Excessive energy …

Level of Physical Exercise Capacity, Respiratory Muscle Strength and Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Healthy Adolescents

SP Nair, Agarwal, M Shah, S Sawant, N Sinha… – 2016 –

Introduction: The maturation of respiratory system in children leads to changes in value of
respiratory parameters like peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), maximum inspiratory pressure (…

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Incentive Spirometer to Improve Lung Function in Patients with Chronic Lung Disease: A Patient Guide.

DA Bhosale, AgarwalP Murkudkar… – Archives of Physical …, 2023 –

Incentive Spirometer to Improve Lung Function in Patients with Chronic Lung Disease: A
Patient Guide. – Abstract – Europe PMC Sign in | Create an account Europe 

Effect of Unsupported Upper Limb Endurance Training Versus Lower Limb Endurance Training in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Dodia, P Gaikwad, J Shetye… – Indian Journal of …, 2012 –

Back ground: This clinical trial was carried out to compare the effect of Unsupported upper
limb endurance training (USULET) and Lower limb endurance training (LLET) in patients with …

Role of Chest Physiotherapy in Resolving Post Operative Massive Atelectasis

BK Dodia, J Shetye, J Bane – INDIAN JOURNAL OF …, 2015 –

Atelectasis is one of the complications that may follow abdominal surgeries, and in spite of
advances in anesthetic & surgical techniques & the advent of chemotherapeutic agents, this …

Unsupported Upper Limb Endurance Training: An Alternative to Improve Functional Capacity & Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary …

BK Dodia, J Shetye – Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and …, 2014 –

A 78 yrs old lady, a known case of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) & bilateral
severe osteoarthritis knee, referred for pulmonary rehabilitation; presented with dyspnoea …

Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy

BK Dodia, J Shetye – 2006 –

Estimation of spirometric reference values, prediction equations & correlations in children living in maharashtra aged 6-15 years by using anthropometric …

Kale, M Deshpande, MP Th – Journal Medical Thesis, 2015 –

Background: PFT is commonly used investigation in order to diagnose respiratory diseases.
Computerized PFT machines use software which consists of prediction equation developed …


KALE, MY MANDSAURWALA… – Asian Journal of …, 2021 –

Objective: The objectives of the study were to determine and compare acute changes in the
cardiorespiratory parameters in young, healthy females in response to 3 weeks resistive …

Determination of Reference Equation for Chest Expansion in Healthy Indian Children.

SH Kale, DJ Jagad, MV Deo – Journal of Evolution of Medical and …, 2021 –

BACKGROUND Measurement of chest expansion is commonly done in physical examination
of patients as it gives reliable idea about the rib cage mobility & capacity of lungs along …

Study of inspiratory lung function parameters in Indian children

SH Kale, M Deshpande, PV Thatkar… – International Journal of …, 2021 –

Background: The inspiratory parameters of pulmonary function test commonly used for various
purposes in clinical practice including diagnosing airway obstruction. Expiratory portion of …

Study on correlation of inspiratory pulmonary function parameters with anthropometric parameters and analysis of pattern of inspiratory parameters at various …

Kale, M Deshpande, P Thatkar, S Chaudhari… – 2021 –

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing health concern across the globe
which is affecting 210 million people (Rajkumar et al., 2017). The burden of COPD in India …


Kale – Physiotherapy, 2014 –

Background: PFT is commonly used investigation in order to diagnose respiratory diseases.
Computerized PFT machines use software which consists of prediction equation developed …